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Gallery: List 108

LIST 108

450th Anniversary of the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum

450 years ago the first modern atlas was published in Antwerp, the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum of Abraham Ortelius. Marcel Van den Broeke reminds us "that the innovative nature of not just the form but also the contents...should not be underestimated." (Ortelius Atlas Maps An Illustrated Guide, p. 17). Although it was the most expensive book printed up to that time, it was so successful it went through 31 editions between 1570 and 1612. See #8, 11, 14, 24 and 25 for examples from various editions of this milestone in cartographic history. Read more about it: Karrow, Mapmakers of the Sixteenth Century and Their Maps.

Also of note in this list: two unusual pieces of ephemera relating to George Washington (#9, 10) and early examples of cartographic facsimiles (#1-7).

And thanks to colleague Curtis Wright for scanning the images in this list (saving us hours with camera and light set-ups), and for his assistance researching the Lenox Globe facsimile.

FACSIMILES

Facsimiles and reproductions have a long history. Perhaps the most famous reproduction is the Peutinger Table (named for a 16th century humanist scholar), a 13th century copy of a 4th century road map of the Roman empire. Ortelius produced a copy which is now scarce itself as it was printed in limited numbers

But researchers in the days before Xerox (let alone digital images) existed were obligated to visit institutions housing the desired map or document to be studied. Sometimes one was allowed to make a tracing, or the institution could provide a lithographic or photo lithographic copy. Nonetheless, facsimiles were in short supply with the occasional unexpected source such as Harper's Weekly, the popular illustrated weekly.

In the 19th century, tapping into public interest in recent African expeditions, Harper's published facsimiles of antique maps depicting Africa from the American Geographical Society's collections and with that, thousands of Americans who had probably never heard of Ptolemy or John Speed were introduced to cartographic history. We're pleased to offer Harper's wood engravings and other examples of late 19th and early 20th century facsimilies.

Click to enlarge  1. The Lenox Globe, c. 1879. 7 x 14 to neatline. BW on glossy paper, toned. Planographic representation of the circa 1504 globe in the Lenox Library collection now at the New York Public Library. Made to accompany an article by B.F. de Costa which appeared in The Magazine of American History, and in the Bulletin de la society normande de geographie, both published in 1879. Sold [details]

Click to enlarge  2. [Early World Map] Robert Thorne, untitled world map, 1527 / 1582 / circa 1900. Map 8 x 16; with text panel 10 x 16. BW. VG. Reproduction of a 1527 manuscript map by an English merchant trading in Seville who likely accessed Spanish sources for his depiction of the New World. The letterpress commentary below the map is from its first printing in the 1582 edition of Hakluyt. See Shirley 147. $100.00 [details]

Click to enlarge  3. Harper's Weekly, Ptolemy's Map Of The World - Geographical Ideas Of Africa Seventeen Hundred Years Ago... NY, Nov. 17, 1877. 9 x 14. BW. VG. Based on the copy in the American Geographical Society's collections. With an article by African explorer Du Chaillu describing the ancients' conception of the world. "...Africa is especially interesting," he writes "as the three lakes there represented as the source of the Nile have been confirmed by the discoveries of BRUCE, SPEKE, AND BAKER," thereby validating the view of AGS President Daly that the lakes are "rediscoveries." $100.00 [details]

Click to enlarge  4. [John Speed, Africa] Harper's Weekly, Fac-Simile Of A Map Of Africa Printed In 1626, NY. June 1, 1878. 14 x 20. BW. VG save small marginal tear, repaired. John Speed's map from a copy in the American Geographical Society's collections. The accompanying article cites modern conflicting reports leading to "confusion and uncertainty" on maps, and includes a 3" x 4" Map Of Stanley's Congo Explorations... Sold [details]

Click to enlarge  5. [NE] Gilmary Shae, John, The Commodities Of The Island Called Manati Ore Long Ile Which Is In The Continent of Virginia. Np, nd, but NY, 1865. Pamphlet in a library folder, paper covers detached; rear wrapper lacking; contents clean but some chipping. With folding map Nova Anglia, Novum Belgium Et Virginia. BW. 11 x 13. VG. Ink inscription "With the respects of J.G. Shae" on front cover. The map is a close copy of DeLaet's Nova Anglia of 1630, the first printed map to name Manhattan (Manbattes), but omitting the inset of Bermuda. Sold [details]

Click to enlarge  6. [Mathew Carey] The American Bookseller. NY, February, 1885. Complete issue, partly disbound; internally Good+ with some marginal tears repaired and chipping. Introducing a new series on the history of American publishing with The Carey-Baird Centenary, January 25, 1885. Memoir Of Mathew Carey, Founder of the House, an article by descendent Henry Carey Baird. Includes four-page facsimile (reduced) of the first issue of Carey's Pennsylvania Evening Herald and a separate steel engraved portrait of Mathew (his preferred spelling) by Sartain. $75.00 [details]

Click to enlarge  7. [Amsterdam wall map] Cornelis Anthonisz, Amsterdam, 1544 / circa 1970. Twelve sheets, each image 8 x 11 on a 13 x 17 leaf. If joined the map would be approximately 33" x 32." BW on heavy cream handmade laid Van Gelder paper, with fleur-de-lis water mark. A few marginal chips, top right sheet slightly toned, else VG. This magnificent view, often compared to Barbari's 1500 view of Venice, was also used as source by Braun & Hogenberg. See Karrow, Mapmakers of the Sixteenth Century and Their Maps 6/11 (p. 46). $300.00 [details]

WORLD

Click to enlarge  8. [World] Ortelius, Typus Orbis Terrarum, Antwerp, 1587 (1608). 12 x 19. VG. Original hand-color. Italian text verso. With corrected South American west coast reflecting information from Drake's circumnavigation. Van den Broecke 3, Plate 3, state 1; Shirley 122, pl. 3. Sold [details]

AMERICA

Click to enlarge  9. [George Washington portrait] Washington Benevolent Society, Pro Patria / Washington Benevolent Society. Np, c. 1810. Unsigned stipple engraved oval portrait 2 x 1; with engraved title 3 x 1. BW. Printed on a 6 x 4 leaf. Lightly age-toned, diagonal creases not affecting portrait. Attached with a period hand-made straight pin to the title page of the Dublin edition of Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, 1784. Old ownership signature of Samuel Marsh on the title page. $250.00 [details]

Click to enlarge  10. [George Washington portrait] Philadelphia Ledger, ...The Father Of Our Country... Philadelphia, 1856. 13 x 10. BW. VG. Steel engraving by Pilman & Sons after Trumbull's full-length portrait of Washington. A New Year's gift to subscribers. $250.00 [details]

Click to enlarge  11. [America] Ortelius, Americae Sive Novi Orbis Nova Descriptio. Antwerp, 1587 (1603). 14 x 19. A few minor marginal stains, else Fine.Attractive full color. Good impression. Plate three, state one with the west coast of South America corrected. From an era when information and beauty were often found together. On this plate Ortelius corrected South America's west coast and added the Solomon Islands (discovered 1568) as well as new names on the west coast of North America. Misconceptions remain, notably the large southern continent which encompasses Tierra del Fuego and even New Guinea. Decoration is in the form of an elaborate mannerist cartouche, sailing ships, a sea monster. Burden 64; Van den Broecke 11.1. $6,500.00 [details]

Click to enlarge  12. [Western Hemisphere, Isle of California] Moll, America. London, circa 1709. 7 x 7. Outline color. VG. Crisp impression on a text leaf, with California as an Island on the Briggs model. Also hints at the Great Lakes. McLaughlin 173. Sold [details]

Click to enlarge  13. Mitchell, No. 3 Map of North America. Philadelphia, 1839. 10 x 8. Vivid original body color applied by stencil. VG. The U.S. northwest border extends nearly to Queen Charlotte Island and embraces Vancouver Island. Names the Grand Banks, the Gulf Stream, the Great American Desert. Independent Texas. Locates numerous Indian tribes, Lord Selkerk's settlement in Canada, Columbus' landfall at Cat Island. Sold [details]

Click to enlarge  14. [Spain's New World empire] Ortelius, Peruviae...La Florida...Guastecan... Antwerp, 1584 (1592). 13 x 18. Old marginal tear repair, else VG. Attractive color. Three maps of Spain's empire on one sheet. Among the few 16th century printed maps based on Spanish sources: Ortelius attributes La Florida to Cosmographer Royal Geronimo Chaves. Mountain ranges in the North American interior are presumed sources for the many rivers emptying into the Gulf of Mexico. Burden 57; Cumming 5; Schwartz & Ehrenberg, p. 73; Van den Broecke 15. Sold [details]

Click to enlarge  15. [Mississippi Bubble] Seutter, Accurata delineatio celeberrima Regionis...Ludovicianae...flaminis Mississippi... Augsburg, circa 1730. 19 x 22. Original body color. VG save a small discolored patch in lower Florida. $3,000.00 [details]

Click to enlarge  16. [Niagara Falls] Darby, The Straits of Niagara. NY, 1819. 6 x 14. BW. Lightly age-toned, fold separation repaired, else VG. Engraved by W. Hooker for William Darby's A Tour from the city of New York to Detroit... Details shown include the Light House, and the proposed mole at Buffalo, a school house, and a Tuscarora village. Topographical features noted include rapids, the whirlpool, "Extensive Forests." Crossed swords locate the War of 1812 Battle of "Chippeway." Inset of "The Great Slope [a geological formation] which occasions the Falls." With scale bar of two miles to the inch. Sold [details]

Click to enlarge  17. [MD, PA, VA, WV] Melish, Map of the National Road Between Cumberland and Wheeling. Phil., circa 1815. 5 x 11. BW. Waterstain at one fold; fold breaks repaired, Good+. Sold [details]

Click to enlarge  18. Carey, Southern States and Mississippi Territory. Np, but probably Philadelphia, circa 1812. 7 x 9. BW. Large tear lower rightexpertly repaired; diagonal crease; binder's cut in lower margin not affecting neatline. Good. For purposes of this map the Southern States are Tennessee, the Carolinas and Georgia. The Mississippi Territory also includes what will become Alabama, West Florida and part of East Florida though the latter are still under Spanish authority. $250.00 [details]

Click to enlarge  19. [Texas] Mitchell, No. 13 Map of the State of Texas... Philadelphia, 1846. 10 x 8. Full original stencil color; light brown stains in left margin else VG. Early map of the State of Texas. First map to name Dallas. The Panhandle and western boundary are somewhat amorphous, suggesting Mitchell based this on a map of independent Texas. Locates "Wild Horses," a silver mine, and the Cross Timbers extending south from present-day Oklahoma. Three battle sites are identified with dates one from the fight for independence and two from the U.S. war with Mexico. $350.00 [details]


EUROPE

Click to enlarge  20. [France] Lotter, Le Royaume De France Et Les Conquettes De Louis Le Grand... Augsburg, circa 1720. 18 x 22. Original body color with later color on vignettes. Fine. $850.00 [details]

Following are two plates from Tindal's edition of Rapin's History of England, a multi-volume work lavishly illustrated with maps and portraits, published in London circa 1745. Henry Fielding cites it as a work favored by Sophia Western's bluestocking aunt in Tom Jones (1749), knowing his readers would recognize its significance. See the "details" for more information on the "War of Spanish Succession" (#21) and Sir Cloudesley Shovell whose sad fate played a role in solving the problem of finding the longitude at sea (#22).

Click to enlarge  21. Rapin / Tindal, Plan of the City of Barcelona. 14 x 18. Colored. VG. Depicts joint operations under the Earl of Peterborough and Admiral Sir Cloudesley Shovell in October of 1705 during the War of Spanish Succession (1701-14). The capture of Barcelona is considered one of Peterborough's "most brilliant achievements." $450.00 [details]

Click to enlarge  22. Rapin / Tindal, An Exact Drought Of The Bay And Harbour Of Vigo... 14 x 18. Colored. VG. Another episode in the dynastic War of Spanish Succession in which the British destroyed a Spanish squadron and 24 French ships-of-the-line on October 12, 1702. $450.00 [details]

Click to enlarge  23. [Straits of Gibraltar] De Fer, Le Fameaux Detroit De Gibaltar. Paris, circa 1705. 9 x 12, BW. Scattered marginal smudges and one small rust spot, else VG. From Gibraltar and Cueta to Cadiz and Tangier with an inset of the coast from Cadiz to Cape St. Vincent. A handsome engraving by Charles Inselin. Over 25 vessels, mostly European sailing ships but also a few galleys, ply the waters. Two engage in combat. North is to the left. $250.00 [details]

Click to enlarge  24. [Russia] Ortelius, Russiae, Moscoviae Et Tartariae Descriptio... Antwerp, 1570 (circa 1603). 13 x 17. Color. Faint mat burn in margins, traces of old mount verso, else VG. The geography is based on a lost map by English merchant Anthony Jenkins. With numerous vignettes including Ivan the Terrible, enthroned and described as the "Imperator Russie." $2,500.00 [details]

MIDDLE EAST

Click to enlarge  25. [Palestine] Ortelius, Palestinae sive Totius Terrae Promissionis... Antwerp, 1570 (1579). 13 x 18. Original color. VG. First state. From the Nile delta to Phoenicia. The Israelites' path in the desert is marked with each station numbered. The geography is derived from Tillemano Stella's seminal 1557 map. Square-shaped compass rose with the needle pointed south. Nebenzahl, pp 84-6; Laor #539; van den Broecke #170. $Sold [details]


AFRICA

Click to enlarge  26. Moll, Africa. London, circa 1739-45. 7 x 10. Outline color. VG. Strong hatching in oceans indicates currents, and arrows wind patterns according to season, with "Calms and Tornados" captioned in the mid-Atlantic. As usual for this period, much internal geography is speculative including the fabled Mountains of the Moon. $300.00 [details]

Click to enlarge  27. [Southern Africa] Mallet, Monomotapa Et La Caferie. Paris, 1683. 5 x 4. Outline color. VG. Locates the Mountains of the Moon, Table Bay and the Cape of Good Hope. With title drape and two sailing ships. $150.00 [details]

Click to enlarge  28. [Cartoon; colonialism] Punch, The Rhodes Colossus / Striding From Cape Town to Cairo. London, Dec. 10, 1892. 9 x 7 BW. VG. Cartoonist Linley Sambourne's depiction of Cecil Rhodes festooned with telegraph wire and doffing his pith helmet astride the continent. Rhodes had agreed to complete the telegraph system at his own expense partly to achieve his goal of establishing a connected series of British possessions in Africa. His British South Africa Company morphed into Rhodesia, named for him in 1895. To modern eyes the image is one of overbearing colonialism. $125.00 [details]


ASIA & PACIFIC

Click to enlarge  29. [India] Van der Aa, Royaume au Grand Mogol... Leiden, 1719. 11 x 13. BW. VG. From "Cabul" to the Deccan and east to Pegu. With many place names along the Indian coastlines. A prominent feature is the double row of oak trees connecting Lahor and Agra, planted by order of Akbar the Great (1542-1605) to provide shade for travelers between the two cities. A strong impression with decorative cartouche featuring an enthroned monarch, merchants, and the personification of two rivers, probably the Indus and the Ganges. Compass rose and scale bars. $375.00 [details]

Click to enlarge  30. Wilkinson, New South Wales / New Zealand / New Hebrides. London, 1808. 11 x 8. Original outline color. VG save a small rust spot. From New Zealand to New Guinea, and from the Solomon Islands to Van Dieman's Land. Insets of Norfolk and Lord Howe's Islands as well as Port Jackson and environs. Details on the latter include the Hawkesbury Settlement. $300.00 [details]


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